Ouachita, pronounced WAH-shi-tah, is a very upright growing, vigorous, thornless blackberry. It should be tipped when caget nes to 48Ã¢â‚¬Å¥ tall, to make it sturdier and more productive. However, ver trellising or staking may be needed to keep a full crop from leaning towards the ground. Fruit quality is excellent. Berries are firm, sweet and about the same size as Apache. Fruit matures beginning in mid to late July, depending upon the ather websp;
Space 4 feet apart in the row. USDA
Hardiness zones 5 to 11
Apache blackberry has
an erect, strong form at maturity, and nice, medium-large berries
that get very sweet when fully ripe. Like all blackberries,
best flavor of fruit occurs when it is a dull black. Apache is thorn-free and the fruit comes ripe in
July-August here in Brown County, Indiana.
Hardiness zones 5b-10
has been an excellent
trailing blackberry, which means you have some options on how you
would like to manage it. One plant has produced a good 22# of fruit, the berries being medium
to large sized (better pruning gives consistently larger berries)
with sweet flavor. Triple Crown is also
thorn-free, and ripens a bit after Apache has started
producing. It also has a longer harvest period than Apache,
with 5 year old plants producing for over 6 weeks when adequate
moisture and heat are present.
Hardiness zones 05-11
Preparing the Soil
and Blackberries prefer a soil pH of 5.6 to 6.2; acid soils may require
applications of ground limestone to increase the pH. Soil testing
information is available from your county Cooperative Extension office.
You can improve the level of organic matter in the soil with good
At planting and every year after fruiting, use an Organic Berry Fertilizer or Organic Berry Fertilizer spikes as directed.
The Blackberry or Raspberry Plant
The crowns and roots of raspberry plants are perennial, but
individual canes live two years. Each spring, the plants produce canes
(suckers) from buds on the crown and on underground lateral stems. These
canes grow vegetatively during the first season, overwinter, and
produce fruit during the summer of the second year, while new canes
emerge to provide a crop for the following year. Second-year canes die
shortly after fruiting. Everbearing raspberries bear a crop on the tips
of first-year canes in the fall, followed by a typical summer crop on
the lower portion of the canes the second year.
It's easy to tell first-year canes from second-year canes. First-year
canes have green stems, while second-year canes have a thin, brown bark
Although a wide selection of berry varieties are available, only a
few will do well under the very short growing seasons and severe winters
of northern New England. Select only those that are rated very hardy
with early or mid-season ripening if you live in very cold areas.
In general, red raspberries are the hardiest type, followed by purple
raspberries, black raspberries, and blackberries. Temperatures below 5
degrees F will injure or kill blackberry and most purple and black
raspberry canes, so these should only be planted in zones 5-8.
Pruning Blackberry and Raspberry Plants
Watch the video on the left in the Helpful Videos section.
Generous use of mulches like pine straw, sawdust, or peat moss will
help control weeds, conserve moisture, and keep roots cool. Increased
organic matter from decomposing mulch will help improve soil structure
and nutrient uptake of plants. Replenish mulch as needed to keep the
mulch depth at 2 to 4 inches.
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